What are vitamins ? how do they work?

Who Found Vitamins?


Vitamin deficiency was first noted in Western books in the 1970s. It has been reported that a Scottish naval physician, J Miss Lind, has cured her scurvy called "scurvy" caused by vitamin C deficiency by consuming orange and lemon juice.

In 1887, he pointed out that Japanese sailors, named Takaki, could find relief from eating vegetables for Japanese sailors suffering from "berry berria" (a disease caused by vitamin B deficiency). In 1913, American scientist Elmer McCollum discovered vitamin A. After that, all the vitamins we use today have been discovered around 1948.

Let us Examine the vitamins and their importance

Vitamins are organic compounds like carbohydrates and lipids.
These vitamins contribute to the biochemical reactions in the body and are important for maintaining good health. Depending on the solubility, these vitamins can be classified into two main components.

  1. Water soluble vitamins
  1. Non water soluble vitamins

Water soluble vitamins

Vitamin B and C dissolve in water

Non water soluble vitamins

Vitamins A, D, E and K are insoluble in water. But these tend to melt in fat.

Let us consider these vitamins separately,

  • Vitamin A

It is extremely important to make visible pigments. It also helps maintain skin health and health.

Deficiency symptoms

1) Night blindness
2) Bitches in the eye
3) Dryness of skin
4) Blisters such as elbows and thighs around the knee
5) Respiratory system diseases

  • Vitamin B

It is a constituent of red blood cells for the maintenance of nerve tissue. Vitamin B is also important for maintaining skin health, fat metabolism, bone marrow formation, rectal maturation and antibodies.

Vitamin B is a complex vitamin. It contains Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B4 ....., B12. These are mainly produced by the food, and some of the vitamins are produced by bacteria in the human intestine.

Deficiency symptoms

1) Disease of berries
2) Oral congestion
3) Anemia
4) Dryness and discoloration of the skin

  • Vitamin C

Another vitamin that is important for skin health. It is also important for the formation of enamel and tooth collagen fibers.

Deficiency symptoms

1) Weakening of gums2) Internal bleeding3) It takes time to recover4) Scurvy 

  • Vitamins D



This vitamin is responsible for regulating calcium and phosphorus absorption in the body. rickettsia is the cause of the disease.


  • Vitamin E

This is important for cell and tissue growth.


Deficiency symptoms

1) Unborn babies
2) Accelerate the breakdown of red blood cells
3) Impairment of cell division

4) Reproductive problems


  • Vitamin K


This vitamin is important for building up blood components.


As a deficiency Delays blood clotting





What happens if the body gets too much vitamin?


Generally, a healthy person can maintains his or her daily balance by maintaining a balanced diet. There is no need to take any vitamin in pills or in any other way. But nowadays, many people have become addicted to vitamin supplements for no reason. Excessive intake of vitamins that can be dissolved in water can be especially dangerous 

Increased vitamin A in young children causes vomiting due to uncontrolled muscle movement and abnormal accumulation of fluid in the skull.Vitamin A increases in adults with headaches, blurred vision, bleeding lips, nasal bleeding, excessive sweating, drowsiness, abdominal pain, hair loss .

Vitamin B also cause excessive sweating, skin irritation, asthma, nervous system damage, nervous system pain, vomiting, abdominal pain, stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and liver damage. 

Excessive intake of vitamin C can cause kidney stones, diarrhea, and diarrhea. Excess vitamin D intake can cause damage to the kidneys, heart and lungs, loss of appetite, weakness of body, thirst, and frequent urination.

Similarly, high intake of folic acid leads to intestinal disorders, insomnia, and irritability, and increases in vitamin E, blood pressure, muscle weakness, skin changes, and abdominal pain.



The story is told that anything is not good enough. And that's it. Vitamins are not good or too high or too low. The body needs to be maintained as needed. So think twice before you lose your own health and wellness regimen by taking various vitamins without the medical consent.




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