what is breast cancer ? what are breast cancer symptoms ?

What is breast cancer

Simply put, cancer is a disease caused by the abnormal growth of the cells in our body. So when this condition develops in a breast, it's called breast cancer.

Abnormal cell growth can be seen as a lump or tumor in the breast. But not all lumps in the breast are cancerous. 80% of these are not cancer. But you need to get it checked by a doctor. Because it is cancer that has the potential to spread throughout the body.

Symptoms of breast cancer

There are several signs that breast cancer can be diagnosed. The most common symptom is a tumor, thickening or lump in the breast, as previously mentioned. Also, you should pay attention to these characteristics.
  • The roughness of the surface of the breast
  • Burying on the surface of the skin
  • Rashes on the nipple
  • Leaking something like liquid on the nipple
  • Feeling uncomfortable or in pain
  • The collapse of the nipple
  • The emergence of veins
  • Swelling
  • The presence of lesions
  • The skin takes on the shape of an orange husk
  • Changes in size or shape of the breast
  • Tight bumps

It is the opinion of the specialist that if any of the above symptoms are present, a doctor should be examined.

The National Cancer Institute says most breast bumps are not breast cancer. They say that breast lumps are a common symptom of breast cancer

The National Cancer Institute says women and men can develop breast cancer, but men are not aware of it.

Symptoms of breast cancer in men

  • Painless bumps on the surface or inside of the nipple
  • Changes in size or shape of the breast
  • Downward nipples
  • Rashes in nipple
  • Bleeding from the nipple
  • Swelling or bumps in the under hands
  • Injury around in the nipple

Causes of breast cancer

  • Age is the main reason
  • Genetic causes
  • Previous breast cancer or lump 
  • Contraceptive pill
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Some medical procedures using radiation ex: x-ray
  • Breast tissue
  • Hormones and hormones drugs

Treatment for breast cancer

Often, a surgical procedure removes the area of the breast or breast cancer,

can reduce the size of cancer by giving anti-cancer drugs. They are given by injection or oral administration. Some patients can take these from the OPD of the hospital. Otherwise, it can be obtained by hospitalization.


  • Lumpectomy
  • Lymph node dissection
  • Mastectomy

02.Radiation therapy

  • External therapy
  • Brachytherapy
  • Intraoperative radiation

03.Systematic therapy

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
Hormone therapy is another treatment for breast cancer. Two hormones, estrogen, and progesterone are regulated by the hormone in the body of women. These hormones therapy control both hormones.

Radiation therapy is often performed after surgery. Radiation is given to the breast and surrounding area. After surgery, the remaining cancer cells are destroyed by radiation therapy

However, any treatment is determined by the risk of the patient's disease.

There are a variety of surgical treatments for non-invasive cancers. It is a decision that should be made by experienced doctors in the field. I mention only a few of these.

  1. If breast cancer is small, there is no need to remove the full breast
  2. If there are fewer than 3 lymph nodes that have spread to the tibia area, it is often necessary to remove all glands by surgery. Radiation therapy is given to the thoracic region.
  3. If the above symptoms of ER and PR are detected in the cancer cells, then they should be treated with drugs that can stop them. These drugs are available as drinking pills and are recommended for a period of five years.
  4. When a patient is diagnosed after the initial treatment, a CT scan or a Bone Scan may be needed only if there are suspicious signs that the disease has spread.
  5. Bisphosphonates, a type of bone-strengthening drug, are useful for patients who have advanced tumors to multiple bone areas. These drugs reduce the risk of bone loss in these patients.

Why You Should Know About Breast Cancer

Likewise, every 13 minutes a woman dies from breast cancer.

The incidence of the disease in men is reported to be 1/1000. However, the risk of death is high because the diagnosis is poor.

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