What is cervical cancer symptoms [cervical cancer]

What is Cervical Cancer?  

this is the second most common form of cancer in women. Prior to the introduction of the Pap test, it has been identified as the major cancer type in Sri Lanka. It is estimated that between 750-950 people die each year from this condition.  

What are the causes of Cervical Cancer?  


HPV infection is one of the leading and most important causes of cervical cancer. HPV index 16-18 has been identified as the major contributor to this. This has resulted in cervical cancer of over 90/• There are many other reasons as well.  



What is the HPV virus?  

 The HPV virus is a form of the virus with about 40 indices. Although not very troublesome, some types can cause genital warts, cervical cancers, and other cancers. 16-18 are the biggest contributing factors. In addition, there are several viruses that can affect the cervix. But other effects are minimal.

Who are at high risk for cervical cancer?

  • For women infected with HPV (human papillomavirus) (95% of cervical cancers are infected with HPV)
  • who started having sex at a young age
  • For women who engage in polygamy
  • For women who have sex with men who engage in polygamy
  • For women who smoke inactive or active
  • Women taking antidepressants for various diseases

How to identify Cervical Cancers? 


Pap tests are recommended for women age 40 to be diagnosed with cervical cancers which can be performed by the Medical Officer of Health. It has also dramatically reduced the incidence of cervical cancer deaths.  

Who has the Pap test?

If you are a sexually active (sexually active) woman, it is best to undergo a Pap test after age 20. If the pap test is normal, it is advisable to do it every five years. Pap screening is useful in the risk age group for cervical cancer (20 -65).

How to do Pap test?

This is a simple, no pain-free test. First, the woman is placed in a lithotomy position, followed by a speculum that examines the cervix. Then a sample of the cervix is ​​taken using a spatula or brush. It is then colored and examined by a microscope. This should be done every 3-5 years. It is best to do this within 1-2 weeks of the menses occurring. Avoid sexual intercourse for 48 hours before testing. Mild vaginal bleeding may occur for several days after the test.

Is there a vaccine to prevent cervical cancer?

Yes, there is a very successful vaccine for this. There are three types of valence, four valences, and new valence. The four-covariance vaccine provides protection against major cancers 16,18 and other HPV types

When the vaccine is given before the age of 13, two doses of the vaccine are sufficient. The interval between the doses is 6 months. More information about getting this HPV vaccine for other adults But getting in before the first sexual encounter is very effective. Currently available to any woman between the ages of 10 and 26 years, it is available in the private sector.

Children over the age of 13 should be given three doses. One dose is around 6-7000 rupees. Although this is not as effective as giving it before you start sex, there is some protection. Ask the relevant doctors.

Should a woman who has only one married partner do this pap test?

The HPV virus that persists into your body during your first sexual encounter can cause cervical cancer

Is pap testing important for those who have never had sexual intercourse?

The risk for cervical cancer is small, but there may be changes in the cervix. The HPV infection can also be caused by contact with the skin in the sexual area and the exchange of sexual equipment.

What are the treatments for Cervical Cancer?  


Surgical treatment is the main treatment for cervical cancer. Depending on the type of cancer, surgical procedures are different.  

How to get protected from Cervical Cancer? 

The most important way to protect yourself from cervical cancer is to limit your self to only one trusted partner. It reduces the risk of contracting the HIV virus. At the same time, immunization is important to prevent safety measures. This will help to reduce the risk of cervical cancer.  

To reduce the risk of cervical cancer

  • Enjoy your life
  • Follow clean hygiene practices
  • Limit your sex life to one trusted partner
  • Use condoms during sexual activity. Practice safe sex 



Powered by Blogger.